LIGHT OF MENORAH
Exodus - 47 - Lesson 9 part 1 - Sabbath Exod. 20:8-11 THIS IS A BIG DEAL

Exodus - 47 - Lesson 9 part 1 - Sabbath Exod. 20:8-11 THIS IS A BIG DEAL

November 5, 2022

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Lesson 9 Part 1

Do you do the Sabbath?  It is one of the Ten Commandments, so you'd better.  But, do you do it on Sunday?  Or, do you do it on Saturday where some might say it is the "Jewish" Sabbath?  Who is right?  In this video we will not debate whether the Sabbath is Sunday or Saturday.  This debate has been going on for 1000's of years and I don't think I can end the debate with a short 30 minute or 60 minute video. 

However, what is the Sabbath?  What do you think the Sabbath is?  Is it simply when you go to church?  Oh no, you say, it is about church and resting, right?  God said we are to rest.  So why do it on Saturday or even Sunday?  "Why can't I have a day of rest when I want?," some might say.  But, what if He never said to rest?  What if He meant something else?  What's the 7th day have to do about it?  Is that all it's about - going to church and, perhaps, taking a nap?  Or is there something bigger that God is having us understand and practice?  I suggest to you that the Sabbath - שָׁבַת Shabbat in Hebrew - is much much bigger.

Both groups, ones who practice שָׁבַת Shabbat on Saturday and those who practice שָׁבַת Shabbat on Sunday, are not being taught what this feast of the Lord actually is.  This is my experience after growing up in Sunday churches and later attending Messianic congregations.  No one is teaching the awesomeness of this feast, this "appointed time" of יהוה Yahvay, the Lord.  Yes, it is a feast of the Lord by the very words of God.  Don't believe me, you can read it for your self in Lev. 23:1-3 and you'll notice that the Sabbath is 1st in the list.  There are 8 festivals of the Lord - they are not Jewish feasts.  They belong to the Lord.   

So, come.  Join us.  Study what you've been missing.  Come and let the Lord help us understand the awesome of His שָׁבַת Shabbat so that He can enhance our walk of faith with המשיח ישוע, HaMaschiach Yeshua, Jesus the Messiah, Jesus the Christ.  Let's us return to our first love.  Sing along with us, "Ahshuv Ahlecka - Coming Back to You."  Link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZoMT2fqnQyM

 

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy?  What's his background?  Why should I listen to him?  Check his background at this linkhttps://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 - Lesson 8 Exod. 20:8-11 Sabbath of the Lord

Exodus - 47 - Lesson 8 Exod. 20:8-11 Sabbath of the Lord

November 3, 2022

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In lessons 8-11 of podcast 47 on the Ten Commandments we focus on Exod. 20:8-11 or commandment #4 in the Jewish and Protestant list of the Ten Commandments and #3 of the Catholic list.  The commandment is to keep the Sabbath, the 7th day of the week, holy.  In Hebrew to be holy is to be separate or set aside as special.  The commandment is NOT to rest but to make it HOLY.  Matter of fact the Hebrew word for Sabbath is שַׁבָּת Shabbat and it has a conceptual meaning of ceasing, to desist, to stop work for a period of time.  It does not mean taking a nap, laying around in your backyard drinking iced tea, or picking up a book and reading and relaxing.  Many Christians have no idea of the Hebrew and think they can pick their own day to rest and have a break from work.  I agree.  If you want a day off from work and your boss approves, go ahead.  But the 7th day is defined by God and HIS Shabbat (Gen. 2:2-3  and Lev. 23:3), His day where WE cease and desist and do other things to make HIS Shabbat holy.  The better idea is to stop one’s normal weekly activity and to lay it aside and to do “work” that makes the Sabbath holy.  Thus, if one rests all day, if one sleeps for most of the Sabbath, one probably is not doing what needs to be done to make this day HOLY, special, set aside as unique. 

In lesson 8 we will study the Shabbat and consider some basic ideas.  One idea is that where did this 7 day week come from?  Must’ve come from somewhere right?  Some say the Jews stole the 7 day week from the Babylonians.  Consider this.

BABYLON AND THE 7 DAY WEEK

Counting from the new moon, the Babylonians celebrated every seventh day as a "holy-day", also called an "evil-day" (meaning "unsuitable" for prohibited activities). The lunation of 29 or 30 days basically contained three seven-day weeks, and a final week of eight or nine days inclusive, breaking the continuous seven-day cycle. But, the Sabbath week has nothing to do with the moon.  If the Jews stole it from the Babylonians every full moon of every month would be a Sabbath; for us it’d be a Saturday.  Sorry, it just doesn’t work.  (Pinches, T.G. (1919). "Sabbath (Babylonian)". In Hastings, James (ed.). Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. Selbie, John A., contrib. Charles Scribner's Sons)

Among other theories of Shabbat origin, the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia of Isaac Landman advanced a theory of Assyriologists like Friedrich Delitzsch that Shabbat originally arose from the lunar cycle, containing four weeks ending in Sabbath, plus one or two additional unreckoned days per month. The difficulties of this theory include reconciling the differences between an unbroken week and a lunar week, and explaining the absence of texts naming the lunar week as Shabbat in any language.  In other words there is no primary sources that in anyway support such a view.  (Sampey, John Richard (1915). "Sabbath: Critical Theories". In Orr, James (ed.). The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.)

Also, what might be some reasons to keep the Sabbath?  Oh I know.  It means going to church. Nope.  The Sabbath is HOLY time: a 24 hour period that God set aside as His.  How do we participate in HOLY time? 

So, get ready.  You are in for an amazing “ride” to hear God, to hear The Very Words Of God, and join with HIM to make this 24 hours special and awesome.

Who is this guy, Rev. Ferret? What's his background? Why should we take time to listen to him? Here's a link to check out his background ... - https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 - Lesson 7 Exod. 20:7

Exodus - 47 - Lesson 7 Exod. 20:7

October 28, 2022

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Now we focus on commandment #2 or #3 depending on whether you are a Jew or Catholic or Protestant.  Again, here are the three lists of the Ten Commandments. 

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Jews have one and the Catholics have theirs and the Protestants have theirs.  They are all different.  Our focus is not studying the Ten Commandments since that phrase never appears in Hebrew in the Bible but the Ten STATEMENTS.  That is what it really says.  Not commandments.  It was a mistranslation of the church first appearing in 1500’s A.D. 

We will study Exod. 20:7.  The 1st half of the verse is the commandment.  But, we can not study the commandment without putting it back into its textual context.  When we do we find this act is dangerous.  It is perhaps the most dangerous of all things we ever could do.  Why?  Well.  Come join us as we study the commandment that says in English, “do not take the name of the Lord in vain.” 

 

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy? What's his background? Why should I listen to him? Check his background at this link -https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0

 


Genesis - 73 - Gen. 30:25-31:18 Measure for Measure

Genesis - 73 - Gen. 30:25-31:18 Measure for Measure

October 26, 2022

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AUDIO SESSION

Jacob wants out and wants to go home.  It has been 14 years serving his crooked uncle Laban just for Rachel.  Well, Jacob has Rachel and Leah and 11 strong boys and 1 beautiful daughter, Dinah.  Time to go home.

To settle up Jacob seems to use a weird way of making sheep have spotted lambs.  If they are spotted Jacob gets those and Laban the rest.  The story shows that the sheep had more spotted lambs and Jacob's flocks grew immense.  The International Varsity Press Bible Commentary of the Old Testament suggests that the method Jacob uses is just folklore.  It was something that those in the ancient near east believed worked but modern genetics shows it does not.  Here's the commentary from the International Varsity Press Bible Commentary of the Old Testament.

Gen_30:32-33. sheep breeding. The coloring chosen by Jacob (dark lambs and variegated goats) generally made up a very small proportion of the herd. Jacob seems to be settling for a share that was far smaller than usual, in that contracts of the day designated sometimes as much as 20 percent of new births for the shepherd (Bedouin studies today suggest that 10 percent is common). Byproducts (wool, milk products) are not mentioned here, but a percentage of those were also often part of the shepherd's compensation.
Gen_30:37-43. use of rods. Jacob's solution to Laban's treachery contains elements of scientific breeding and folklore tradition. Clearly, shepherds would have been aware of the estrus cycle of their sheep (which runs from June to September), and observation would have demonstrated that breeding healthy animals would produce vigorous lambs. What is not scientific, however, is the principle that certain characteristics (coloration in this case) can be bred for through visual aids. The stripped rods which Jacob places before the troughs of the sheep cannot genetically affect the sheep. This type of sympathetic magic is found in many folk traditions (including modern tales of colors worn by a mother determining the sex of her child). It plays a part in the trickster theme of this narrative and is reflective of a culture which depended on a mixture of magical and commonsense methods to produce results. 
(The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament
Copyright © 2000 by John H. Walton, Victor H. Matthews and Mark W. Chavalas)

But, Jacob says something in Gen. 30:33 that most of us would miss.  It is an awesome statement and it implies Jacob says from now on he will be honest and righteous so that this will come back to him in the future.  In essence Jacob is saying "what goes around comes around."  This concept among the people of the Middle East is called, "Measure for Measure" or in Hebrew

מדה קנגד מדה

Meedah K'negged Meedah

This one verse is an awesome teaching that the Lord is giving us.  It takes us to Jesus and even to Paul.  It is a characteristic of a true disciple of our rabbi Jesus.  

Lois Tverberg, an awesome Bible scholar and author of key books on being a disciple of Jesus our "rabbi" has an excellent article on the concept of measure for measure.  Here's the link -

https://ourrabbijesus.com/articles/jesus-jewish-logic-measure-for-measure/#:~:text=Jesus%E2%80%99%20Jewish%20Logic%3A%20Measure%20for%20Measure%20July%2028%2C,mee-dah%29%2C%20which%20means%2C%20literally%2C%20%E2%80%9Cmeasure%20corresponding%20to%20measure.%E2%80%9D

So come and study with us.  Come and consider מדה קנגד מדה MeedahK'neggedMeedah or measure for measure and again see how all scripture testifies of Jesus as He taught in John 5:39.

Who is this guy, Rev. Ferret? What's his background? Why should we take time to listen to him? Here's a link to check out his background ... - https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 lesson 1 part 1 - Exod. 20:1-17 - the Ten Commandments

Exodus - 47 lesson 1 part 1 - Exod. 20:1-17 - the Ten Commandments

October 20, 2022

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Bible study on the Ten Commandments. This is not a study to re-teach the Ten Commandments. But as we put the Bible into its historical context, as we put the Bible back into its textual context, we begin to see things in a new light. This simply enriches our understanding of the Ten Commandments.

In Part 1 of lesson 1 we will ask if there are ten commandments or are they something else? And ten? Could there be 12 or 15 or 17 commandments? What is God's purpose in all this?

It is recommended that you listen to lesson 46 parts 1 & 2 first before jumping in to the extensive study of Exod. 20:1-17. Here's the links to lesson 46 parts 1 & 2.

Part 1 - https://www.podbean.com/ew/pb-uhhag-127e43f

Part 2 - https://www.podbean.com/ew/pb-7uqgr-1281e42

Who is this guy, Rev. Ferret? What's his background? Why should we take time to listen to him? Here's a link to check out his background ... - https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 Lesson 1 part 2 - Exod. 20:1-17 Two New Covenants

Exodus - 47 Lesson 1 part 2 - Exod. 20:1-17 Two New Covenants

October 20, 2022

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In part two we continue are introduction to the Ten Commandments - Aseret HaDevareem or the Ten Statements. God says these ten statements are His covenant as in Exod. 34:28. But, is it a contract? Is is an agreement? Is this covenant like a treaty?

The Lord gives us what He means by a covenant. It is like nothing ever seen in history then or now. The prophets of Israel are inspired by Yahvay, the Lord, to help us understand this unique and very special covenant. We realize that this is a NEW Covenant given at the mountain of God, Mt. Sinai, to His special chosen ones, Israel, who are led by Moses, the shepherd. All this seems to relate to another NEW Covenant given by the Lord - our Yeshua - at the mountain of God, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, to His chosen ones, His disciples, who are led by God's chosen one, Jesus, the Good Shepherd. The connections are too amazing. This must've been done one purpose. What is the Lord getting at? He is showing us that the 1st covenant, an integral part of God's redemption plan, needed to give birth to another New Covenant that brought completeness to His redemption plan. It was all related to the very words of God when Jesus said that all scripture testifies of Him in John 5:39.

So as we study the 1st it gives us an intimate connection to the 2nd. The 2nd finished what the 1st didn't address.

I mentioned other lessons you might consider studying. The first is Lesson 46 parts 1 &2 n this Exodus series. It sets the stage for the giving of the covenant at Sinai. Here's the link ...

Part 1 - https://www.podbean.com/ew/pb-uhhag-1...

Part 2 - https://www.podbean.com/ew/pb-7uqgr-1...

Another series that even goes into this deeper are the podcasts entitled "The Archaeology of Pentecost/Shavuot." It is clear the Lord God is making an amazing connection between the first Passover and Pentecost and the 1st covenant and the 2nd covenant. Here's the link for this series.

Link - https://lightofmenorah.podbean.com/?s=shavuot

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy? What's his background? Why should I listen to him? Check his background at this link -

 https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 - Exod. 20:1-17 lesson 2 part 1

Exodus - 47 - Exod. 20:1-17 lesson 2 part 1

October 20, 2022

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Our study on עשׂרת הדברים Aseret HaDevareem - the Ten Statements - of the Lord continues.  In this lesson, lesson 2 of the introduction to the Ten Commandments, we see the difference between simply studying the Ten Commandments as opposed to all the words God spoke as recorded on Exodus 20:1-17.  In other words not only are we again putting the Bible into its historical context but putting the Ten Commandments back into their textual context.  Quite simply you can not study the Ten Commandments without understanding the rest of the words God spoke that surround the Ten.  This will be clear as we look at three topics. 

The 1st is the fact by God's own words that the Sinai Covenant never was replaced!  Christians say it was replaced.  We will see something far more amazing and powerful. 

2nd, we will look as the organization of the Ten Commandments.  This we know ...

"It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed." When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God. (Exo 31:17-18)

God wrote them on two tablets.  On both sides as well (Exod. 32:15).  But, what was written on the front?  The back?  Were the two tablets copies of each other?  Some say the Ten Commandments are in two groups.  Group 1 is commandments 1 through 4 and the 2nd 5 through 10.  I call it 4 by 6.  Others say the 1st group is 1 through 5 and the 2nd 6 through 10.  I call that 5 by 5.  So what is it?  The Torah is silent on all this.  All we can do is consider some amazing possibilities.

Lastly, how did the Hebrews coming out of Egypt understand the words of Adonai in these verses.  Or how did the disciples of Jesus understand them nearly 1500 years later.  And how does this witness of the Messiah, the Christ, Jesus.  Jesus said it in John 5:39 ...

"You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me." (Joh 5:39)

... and all they had was the Hebrew Scriptures then, the Old Testament.  How might these verses testify of Jesus.  Come on.  Let's go see.

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy? What's his background? Why should I listen to him? Check his background at this link -https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 - Exod. 20:1-17 lesson 2 part 2

Exodus - 47 - Exod. 20:1-17 lesson 2 part 2

October 20, 2022

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Our study on עשׂרת הדברים Aseret HaDevareem - the Ten Statements - of the Lord continues.  In this lesson, lesson 2 part 2 of the introduction to the Ten Commandments, we ask how does the Ten Commandments witness of the Messiah, the Christ, Jesus.  Jesus said it in John 5:39 ...

"You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me." (Joh 5:39)

... and all they had was the Hebrew Scriptures then, the Old Testament.  How might these verses Exod. 20:1-17 testify of Jesus.  Come on.  Let's go see.

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy? What's his background? Why should I listen to him? Check his background at this link -https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


Exodus - 47 Lesson 3 Part 1 - Exod. 20:1-17 - Introduction to the Ten Commandments

Exodus - 47 Lesson 3 Part 1 - Exod. 20:1-17 - Introduction to the Ten Commandments

October 20, 2022

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In this lesson we continue the introduction to the Ten Commandments.  This is God's Covenant and He shows us that the life of His people, the life of those He enter the covenant, is a life far different than perhaps what we may have learned.  We may have learned that we need to live a balanced life.  We need to put things in their proper perspective and not anything in our life should become so high a priority that it tilts the balance.  The church of Rome after it disconnected from its Jews roots, seemingly incorporated aspects of Greek philosophy.  Aristotle was the big proponent of a balanced life.  He said if you live such a life you will be happy.  This is not what the Lord wants.  When He gave Israel and us the Ten Commandments, actually  עשׂרת הדברים Aseret HaDevareem, the Ten Statements (words), He was also teaching us that if we are truly a disciple of Jesus we will NOT live a balanced life.  

So, God gives  עשׂרת הדברים Aseret HaDevareem, His Ten Statements.  Who was the targeted audience?  Just the Hebrews only?  If so why has the church taken them on?  We are taught that Jesus did away with the "old" covenant.  Huh?  That means according to God's word, the very words of God Himself, that the Ten Commandments are null and void.  Why?  God said they were His covenant.  

So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments. 
(Exo 34:28)

This lesson like the previous lessons take us deeper into our understanding of this significant event in human history.  Join me on this amazing journey into the very words of God and to study His עשׂרת הדברים Aseret HaDevareem - His Ten Statements - and see how this testifies of Yeshua Adonaynoo, Jesus our Lord. 

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy?  What's his background?  Why should I listen to him?  Check his background at this link https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0

 

 

 

 

 


Exodus - 47 Introduction Lesson 3 Part 2 - Exod. 20:1-17 - NEW Covenants

Exodus - 47 Introduction Lesson 3 Part 2 - Exod. 20:1-17 - NEW Covenants

October 20, 2022

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This is the final lesson in the introduction to the Ten Commandments.  We will discuss two more topics. 

  1. Is the Sinai Covenant only for Israel? Are the Ten Commandments meant only for them or everyone? 
  2. Is God’s religion a significant component of our lives or is it something bigger?

Our religion that comes from the religion of the Jewish people prior to Jesus’ day encompasses all of life.  There is nothing of life that is not affected by our religion.  This is in direct contrast with the Greek philosophical concept of life components and the balance of life as taught by Aristotle.  His teachings deeply influenced the church after it separated from Israel and centered itself in Rome and abandoned its Jewish roots.

There is one last topic that forms the conclusion of this lesson.  The topic is both Jews and Gentiles recognized that the Sinai Covenant had a missing piece.  The Ten Commandments, God’s covenant statement was not meant to do it all.  It was incomplete.  It was missing something – it was missing a blood sacrifice to cleanse a sinner from INTENTIONAL sin.  There were blood sacrifices required for UNINTENTIONAL sin, mistakes, lapses in judgment.  One can read about this in Leviticus 4 or Numbers 15:22-31.  If one sins defiantly, if one sins willingly and openly, if one sins with a high hand of rebellion, in other words INTENTIONALLY there is NO blood sacrifice in the Sinai Covenant to cleanse the sinner.  The great Jewish rabbis, Akiva in the early 2nd century A.D., and Maimonides in the late 12th century A.D. both discussed this.  They agree with the writer of Hebrews and Paul himself.  So, what was the solution.  What was the missing piece.  Whose blood is the blood needed by the covenant?  This is a major concept that we end with before we start studying the individual verses in Exodus 20:1-17.

Rev. Ferret - who is this guy? What's his background? Why should I listen to him? Check his background at this link -

 https://www.dropbox.com/s/ortnret3oxcicu4/BackgrndTeacher%20mar%2025%202020.pdf?dl=0


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